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浮光掠影的博客

寻常世路寻常走, 偶尔把浮世清欢裁做歌。

 
 
 

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我是时光中暂时停泊的一片影子,透明且简单,可以是光斑,可以是花瓣,可以是三月的柳絮随风起,是腊月的雪花落九天,是鹰的翎毛雁的羽,是马的长鬃豹的斑,是日的光影月的凉,是海滩的沙粒山的岩,这一片影子也是此身可化身千亿。时光流过,岁月无声,花开云逝,东西飞鸿,偶尔也留一些文字,那是我千古文章等闲读,偶尔把各式情怀散成墨,寻常世路寻常走,偶尔把浮世清欢裁做歌。

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中国年chinese new year  

2014-01-28 19:28:47|  分类: share with you |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
 中国的新年叫做春节,因为过了以后就是春天了,这也是中国最重要的节日。
春节是农历的一月一号,农历又叫做阴历,阴的意思是月亮,阳是太阳,所以阳历是根据太阳的运转做的历法而阴历是根据月亮的运行做的历法,阴历对于农民耕种有重要的影响,又因为中国是农业大国,所以,在历史上我们一直都是用阴历纪年,每月有三十天,每四年有一个闰月,也就是多一个月。
今年农历一月一号是阳历的一月三十一号,所以今年中国的新年是一月三十一号,也就是这个星期五。这一天也叫做大年初一。
zhongguo de xinnian jiaozuo chunjie ,yinwei guole yihou jiushi chuntian le ,zheshi zhongguo zui zhongyao de jieri .
chunjie shi nongli de yiyueyihao ,nongli you jiaozuo yinli ,yin de yisi shi yueliang ,yang shi taitang,suoyi yangli  shi genju taiyang de yunzhuan zuode lifa ,er yinli shi genju yueliang .
jinnian nongli de yiyueyihao shi yangli de yiyue sanshiyi hao ,ye jiushi xingqi wu,zhe yitian ye jiao nian chuyi .
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
新年的前一天,叫做除夕,也叫做大年夜。
这一天,中国人要和家人一起吃年夜饭,年夜饭应该是一年中最为重要和丰盛的饭了。
年夜饭,要有饺子,也要有一条鱼,是年年有余的意思,因为鱼和余同音。余的意思是:surplus
以前除夕的时候要守岁,现在大家习惯了看春节晚会,是中央电视台举办的,以前很好看,大家都很期待,现在也就是吃饭的背景吧。
春节晚会常常是六月就开始准备了,准备上半年时间,选节目选演员什么的,每年大家都在讨论今年那个著名的演员可以去春节晚会表演,那个每年都去今年不去了,为什么等等,比看晚会还热闹呢。
不过最有意思的还是关于春节的故事,有些故事连中国人也不知道呢。
xinnian de qianyitian ,jiao zuo chuxi ,yejiaozuo danianye .
zhe yitian suoyou de zhongguoren yao he jiaren yiqi chi nianyefan ,nianyefan yeshi yinianzhong zuiwei zhongyao he fengsheng de fan le .
nianyefan yiding yao you jiaozi ,ye yiding you yitiaoyu ,yinwei shi niannian youyu de yisi .
guanyu chunjie you henduo youyisi de gushi.
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
年的故事:
据说年是一个怪物,住在深山里,每年冬天的时候,山里没有了吃的东西,它就跑下来吃人和家畜。人们很害怕它。有后来人们慢慢发现,年怕火和声音,于是就就开始烧火,敲响锣鼓,放炮竹,这样就把它吓跑了,吓跑年以后,人们高兴的像过节一样,人们把这个节日叫做过年。
nian de gushi:
jushuo nianshi yige guaiwu ,zhuzai shenmshanli ,meinian dongtian de shihou ,shanli meiyoule chide dongxi ,ta jiu paoxialai chi ren he jiachu.renmen hen haipa ta.houlai renmen manman faxian nian pa huo he shengyin ,yushi zai nian lai de shihou jiu kaishi shaohuo ,qiangluo ,fang baozhu ,zheyang jiu ba ta xiapaole ,nian pao le yihou ,renmen jiu gaoxing de xiang guojie yiyang ,zheyang jiu manman de chengle yige jieri ,jiushi chunjie ,ye jiao guonian.
 
 
english
Chinese people held the first New Year Festival more than 3,000 years ago. Farmers gave thanks for the harvest and prayed. They asked the gods for good crops in the coming year.
According to legend, there was a man-eating wild monster "Nian" with an extremely large mouth, capable of swallowing several people in a single bite. This beastappeared in a country village, towards the end of winter when there was nothing to eat it would visit the villages and attack and eat whatever it could. The villagers would live in terror over the winter.

The next year it returned and the same thing happened. The monster seemed too strong to be defeated. So all the villagers would take their old and young deep into the mountains to hide from Nian.

One day, a wise old man passed through the village and told an old woman, "I will teach you how to scare Nian away!"

That evening when Nian arrived at the village, he saw that all the houses were dark except the housein which an old woman lived. Nian approached the house, licking his lips in anticipation. Suddenly, the deafening noise of firecrackers sounded endlessly.
当天晚上,当年踏进村子时,它见村里所有的屋子没有灯光,除了那个老夫人家亮着灯。年靠房子,舔着嘴唇,期待着自己的晚餐。突然,震耳欲聋的鞭炮声在耳边响个不停。
The monster was startled and jumped. Suddenly he realized that the house was covered in red paper. This scared him even more and it ran off into the mountains. When the villagers returned they saw that the old woman was unharmed! People later learned that "nian" was afraid of loud noises and the color red, The villagers came together and agreed that when it was time for Nian's annual visit towards the end of winter they would start a fire in front of every door and not go to sleep but rather make noise.

The following year, the villagers were ready for it. They set off firecrackers, lit all their lamps and decorated their houses in red, they paste red paper on the doors, wear red clothing, hang up red lanterns. They made loud music, play the gong and drums and they dance and burn the fireworkswhenever Nian was about to arrive, to scared away the beast.

Nian had not come down the mountain to cause any trouble thereafter.

This eventually become a tradition of China and leads to the celebration for another year of safe life. Chinese people celebrate in remembrance of this legend and still continues till today!
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
拜年的由来:拜年的故事也是因为年这个怪兽,在它出来伤人的时候,人就躲起来,等年跑了,人们从躲藏的地方出来,去访问邻居,去看看亲戚朋友有没有被年伤到,这就是拜年的由来。
bainian yeshi yinwei nian zhege guaishou ,zai ta yiqian lai de shihou ,renmen yinwei haipa jiu duoqilai ,deng ta zouhou ,renmen cong duocang de difang chulai ,wen fangwen pengyou ,qu kan qinqi he liuqu kankan dajia dou shibushi hai huozhe ,you meiyou shoushang ,zheyang jiu manman de xingcheng le bainian de xiguan .
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
贴福字的由来:
中国有很多的神仙,传说是因为姜子牙封的,姜子牙是周朝的相国,他很有本领,请来了很多神仙帮助周朝打败了商朝,建立了新的国家,所以胜利以后,他们就都成了神仙。不过他的太太在他年轻的时候对他不太好,后来他就让自己的太太做了穷神。
穷神问他:那么我应该去哪里呢?
他说:哪里都可以,只要不是有福的地方就好了。
每个人都不喜欢穷,也不喜欢穷神,所以就在过年的地方都贴上福字。而且常常是倒着贴的,这个意思是福到了。
tie fuzi shi yinwei zhongguo you yige shenxian shi qiong shen,ta qule nali renmen jiu hui bianqiong ,dajia dou bu xihuan ta ,danshi ruguo you fude difang ta jiu bukeyiqu .
suoyi guonian de shihou ,meijia dou tie fuzi ,jiushi burang qiongshen lai de yisi.
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
春节扫尘:中国的新年前,家家户户都要打扫,这也是因为一个故事,据说以前有一户人家很穷,一年忙到头,到最后除了缴税,除了给地主,自己什么都没有,到过年的时候他们都没有饭吃了,在除夕的时候,灶王爷问他们:家家都做饭,你们怎么不做饭呀?他们说:没有米。灶王爷把他们的情况告诉了玉帝,玉帝答应今年下雪的时候给他们家下米。灶王爷把这件事告诉他们以后,他们就把院子打扫的干干净净的,这就是最早的春节扫尘。
chujie qian jiajia huhu douyao dasao ,zheshi yinwei zai henzao yiqian you yige qiongren ,dao guonian de shihou dou meiyou fanchi le ,biede ren zuofan de shihou ,tamen meiyou mi ,buneng zuofan ,yudi tingshuo le tamen de gushi ,jiu juede zai xiaxue de shihou gei tamen jia xia yixie mi,tamen zhidao yihou jiu ba yuanzi dasao de ganganjingjing de dengzhe.
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
春联的由来:春联以前叫做桃符,到了宋朝还有总把新桃换旧符的诗歌就是写春节贴春联的。这个习俗在中国开始的很早,远古的时候,神荼郁垒是很厉害的神仙,老虎狮子和坏人都很怕他们,他们住在桃林里,保护着周围的人,有他们在,所有的妖魔鬼怪都不敢伤害人,后来人们就用桃木做了木牌刻上他们的像,放在门上保护家人,这样时间一长,这样慢慢的变成了春联。
 
guonian de shihou tie chunlian shi weile baohu jiaren .zai henzao de shihou shenshu he yulv shi liangwei hen lihai de shenxian ,tamen zhuzai taolin li ,laohu shizai he huairen dou henpa tamen ,zheyang tamen jiu baohu le henduoren ,houlai renmen zai taomu shang keshang tamen de yangzi ,fangzai menkou ,houlai jiu manman chengle chunlian.
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
春节有很多有意思的故事,这是其中的一些。
chunjie you henduo youyisi de gushi ,zheshi qizhong yixie .
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
在上海,春节最热闹的地方应该是豫园了,现在这里已经准备好了花灯,有中国的传说,很多美好的爱情故事,今年还有白雪公主的童话故事。
zai shanghai ,chunjie zui renao de difang wo juede shi yuyuan ,xianzai dou yijing zhunbei haole .zuole henduo de haudeng ,guanyu zhongguo de chuanshuo ,jinnian haiyou baixuegongzhu de gushi .
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
这个故事是牡丹亭,是写一个女孩子在梦里见了自己喜欢的男孩子,醒来总是想着,因为没有办法寻找就死掉了,死前画了自己的画像。后来这个男孩子不小心捡到了画像,就喜欢上了画里的女孩,每天看,终于有一天画上的女孩子开口说话了,告诉他自己的坟墓在哪里,让他打开,这样她就可以活过来。男孩子冒着危险打开了坟墓,女孩子活过来了,最后他们幸福的生活子在一起。
zhege shi mudanting de gushi:shi yige nvhaizi zai mengli jianle xihuan de nanhai xinglai bukeyi zhaodao ,jiu sidiao le,siqian huale ziji de huaxiang .houlai zhege nanhaizi jiandaole ,ye xihuan shangle hua li de nvhaizi ,meitiankan ,zhongyu youyitian huashang de nvhaizi shuohua le ,gaosu ta ruguo ba fenmu dakai ziji jiu keyi huoguolai.
nanhaizi maozhe weixian dakaile fenmu ,nvhaizi huoguolai le ,zuihou tamen xingfu de shenghuo zai yiqi.
 
英语简介english:
The Peony pavilion is  tells a romantic love story of Du Liniang and Liu Mengmei, with its focuses on love, beauty, relationship, and marriage.This passionate story has always been considered a Chinese nalional treasure, and continues to resonate with audience everywhere, even in this modern day and age. This book, with plain words, intends to help foreign readers understand the story and appreciate classic Chinese opera.
 
 
2014年01月17日 - 浮光掠影 - 浮光掠影的博客
这个是中国的情人节,牛郎和织女的故事,我在一个故事里写过的。
In a Chinese legend, the Sun God had seven beautiful daughters.
All his fairy daughters could weave beautiful clothes.
One day, the seven fairies came down from heaven and were playing in a river.
A cowherd walked by the river.
He saw that the fairies had left their beautiful clothes on the shore, so he took one of them.
His plan was to stop one of the fairies from flying back to their heaven palace.
He reasoned that the fairies needed to wear their beautiful clothes if they wanted to fly.
When it was time to go home, the youngest fairy could not find her clothes.
The other fairies put on their clothes and flew away.
The youngest fairy was very sad and she started to cry.
The cowherd saw this and offered to take her to his house.
Because the cowherd took care of the fairy so well,she fell in love with him and married him.
The Sun God also blessed their marriage.
After they were married, the fairy thougjt she did not need to weave again.
The Sun God got so angry that he took his youngest daughter away from her husband.
He never wanted to see the cowherd again.
From then on, the fairy weaver stayed in heaven, and the cowherd stayed on earth.
They could only see each other once a year on July 7th on the lunar calendar.
The birds felt so sad for this young couple that they made a bridge for the two to walk on.
This bridge is known as the "Milky Way"
Only once a year, the couple could meet on the Milky Way.
And they still love each other deeply.
Now it is a tradition to celebrate Chinese Valentine's Day once a year on July 7th of the lunar calender.
 
最后把所有的祝福都送给你吧,祝每个人过一个幸福的春节。
 
不过,春节的时候鞭炮大概会有点吵,因为中国人喜欢热闹呀,而且要把那个叫做年的怪兽吓跑呀。
 zuihou ,zhu meige ren guo yige xingfu de chunjie ,buguo zhongguod e chunjie youdianchao,nashi weishenme ne ?
yinwei yao ba nian xiapao ya .


happy chinese new year:)

 

(小注释:汉字,拼音,和英语是不同步的,写三遍相同的东西真的是没有办法做到,算了,就这样吧,看着乱乱的,很热闹,附和中国年的特征)

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